The web is a vast and complex system that allows us to access and interact with various information and services online. But how does it work behind the scenes? What are the components that make up a web application and how do they communicate with each other? In this article, we will explore the concepts of frontend and backend, and how they work together to create a functional and user-friendly web experience.
What is Frontend?
- HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the standard markup language that defines the structure and content of a web page. It uses tags to create elements such as headings, paragraphs, lists, tables, images, links, forms, etc.
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is the language that describes the style and appearance of a web page. It uses rules to apply properties such as color, font, layout, animation, etc. to the HTML elements.
What is Backend?
Backend, also known as server-side, is the part of a web application that runs on a server and handles the logic and data processing of the web application. It is responsible for receiving requests from the frontend, performing operations on the data, and sending responses back to the frontend. The backend consists of three main components: server, database, and application.
- Server is the computer or device that hosts the web application and provides the resources and services needed to run it. It can be a physical machine, a virtual machine, or a cloud service. The server communicates with the frontend using protocols such as HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) or WebSocket.
- Database is the software system that stores and organizes the data of the web application. It can be relational (such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, or Oracle) or non-relational (such as MongoDB, Firebase, or CouchDB). The database communicates with the application using languages such as SQL (Structured Query Language) or NoSQL (Not only SQL).
- Application is the code that implements the logic and functionality of the web application. It can be written in various programming languages and frameworks, such as PHP, Python, Ruby, Java, Node.js, Django, Laravel, Rails, etc. The application communicates with the server and the database using APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) or libraries.
How Do Frontend And Backend Work Together?
Frontend and backend work together to create a complete and functional web application. The basic workflow is as follows:
- The user requests a web page by entering a URL or clicking a link on their browser.
- The browser sends a request to the server that hosts the web page.
- The server receives the request and passes it to the application.
- The application processes the request and queries the database if needed.
- The database returns the data to the application.
- The application generates a response and sends it back to the server.
- The browser renders the response and displays the web page to the user.
Frontend and backend are two essential components of a web application that work together to provide a seamless and satisfying web experience to the user. Frontend is the part that the user sees and interacts with on their browser, while backend is the part that runs on a server and handles the logic and data processing of the web application. By understanding the concepts and technologies of frontend and backend, we can better appreciate the complexity and beauty of the web.